José Escobar

HUB GOVERNANCE: TRANSPARENCY ANTI-CORRUPTION ACCOUNTABILITY CSR ADVOCACY

TRANSPARENCY: public-private initiatives, framework from United Nations and Corporate / private Sector / business/partnership: United Nations / business / corporate / government / multi-stakeholder led transparency: Delegation

ANTI-CORRUPTION: United Nations Initiative: global framework from United Nations and Corporate / business/private sector, adaptive actions & policies from government, social private sector (non-state actors), philanthropy and other institutions: multi-stakeholder led Anti-corruption: Delegation

CSR-CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: framework from Corporate Sector / business / private sector > United Nations and government: private / corporate / business / multi-stakeholder led-CSR: Delegation

ADVOCACY: social business / social private sector (non-state actors), civil society, philanthropy, United Nations > social adaptive initiatives, corporate initiatives and government initiatives: civil society & private sector / multi-stakeholder led Advocacy: Delegation

TRANSPARENCY

Transparency principles and framework

United Nations Business Partnership

UNDP Business Partnership

Transparency Initiatives

Business & Human Rights Resource Centre: Transparency: Company action platform: Corporate Human Rights Benchmark CHRB is an initiative of the Business & Human Rights Resource Centre. The Resource Centre is a member of the Steering Group for the Corporate Human Rights Benchmark CHRB > the CHRB Steering Group: Aviva Investors; Business & Human Rights Resource Centre; Calvert Investments; EIRIS; The Institute for Human Rights & Business; VBDO >>>> Business & Human Rights Resource Centre: Government Action Platform: transparency and engagement on government actions to improve business respect for human rights, including implementation of the UN Guiding Principles.

IBA International Bar Association´s Human Right Institute: IBAHRI´S Guidelines in conjunction with the Raoul Wallenberg Institute: The International Human Rights Fact-Finding Guidelines (The Lund-London Guidelines) were produced by the International Bar Association´s Human Rights Institute IBAHRI and the Raoul Wallenberg Institute in 2009. The Guidelines were launched at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law Conference on 1 June 2009, London.

Global Initiative Fiscal Transparency, GIFT: High Principles on Fiscal Transparency

INTOSAI: International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions

ISAI: International Standards of Supreme Audit Institutions: are issued by the International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions INTOSAI: ISSAI 20: Principles of Transparency and accountability: ISSAI 21 Principles of Transparency and Accountability – Principles and Good Practices.

BTAP: Global Movement for Budget Transparency, Accountability and Participation

TAP Transparency, Accountability and Participation Network: is a broad network of CSO: Post 2015 governance/Post 2015 World: WFUNA host the secretariat for the TAP Network: WFUNA, World Federation of United Nations Associations is a global nonprofit organization representing more than 100 national United Nations Association.

Transparency International: Gateway Corruption Assessment Toolbox of Transparency International: the Global Corruption Barometer of Transparency International, cover 86 countries.

OGP, Open Government Partnership: is a new multilateral initiative: transparency: multi-stakeholder collaboration: OGP is overseen by a steering committee of governments and civil society organizations: OGP was launched in 2011: Fiscal Openness Working Group & Open Government Partnership.

IBP: International Budget Partnership

UNDP/teamwork’s: UNDP has developed Teamwork

Business Principles for Countering Bribery: A multi-stakeholder initiative led by Transparency International

Open Contracting Partnership: Open Contract Global Principles: Open Contracting Data Standard: World Bank collaborative effort on Open Contracting Partnership

Open Gov Hub: was established by Global Integrity and Development Gateway

Open Development Toolkit: Aid Data

CoST: Construction Sector Transparency Initiative: is a country Centered multi-stakeholder initiative designed to promote transparency and accountability in publicly financed construction: CoST principles.

EITI: Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative: EITI Standard/EITI principles

IATI, International Aid Transparency Initiative:

Global Witness: sustainable and transparent use of natural resources: transparency and corruption: Corruption and Money Laundering

UNGP Reporting: United Nations Guiding Principles Reporting Framework: guidance for companies to report on how they respect human rights

Transparency Digital Resources (some links about Transparency)

Capacity Development Effectiveness: http://www.aideffectiveness.org/CODE

Global Witness: sustainable and transparent use of natural resources: transparency and corruption: http://www.globalwitness.org

IBA International Bar Association´s Human Right Institute > The International Human Rights Fact-Finding Guidelines (The Lund-London Guidelines): http://www.ibanet.org

ISAI: International Standards of Supreme Audit Institution: ISSAI 20: http://www.issai.org

Transparency International: the global coalition against corruption: http://www.transparency.org >> Transparency International: Gateway Corruption Assessment Toolbox of Transparency International: the Global Corruption Barometer of Transparency International: http://www.

Transparency Initiative: http://www.transparency-initiative.org

OGP, Open Government Partnership, Transparency: http://www.ogp.org > Open Government Partnership Global Summit, Mexico 2015: http://www.ogpsummit.org >> Fiscal Openness Working Group & Open Government Partnership: http://www.fiscaltransparency.net >> http://www.ogp.org

Open Gov Hub: http://www.opengovhub.org

Open Development Toolkit: Aid Data: http://www.opendevtoolkit.net

Global Initiative Fiscal Transparency, GIFT: High Principles on Fiscal Transparency: http://www.fiscaltransparency.net

CoST: Construction Sector Transparency Initiative: http://www.constructiontransparency.org

EITI: Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative: http://www.eiti.org

International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions, INTOSAI: is an autonomous, independent and non-political organisation and non-governmental organisation with special consultative status with the Economic and social Council ECOSOC of the United Nations. http://www.intosai.org

World Bank: managing Development: The Governance dimension, A discussion Paper: 29 August 1991

UNDP/teamwork’s: UNDP has developed Teamwork: http://www.

WFUNA, World Federation of United Nations Associations: http://www.wfuna.org

UNGP Reporting: United Nations Guiding Principles Reporting Framework http://www.ungpreporting.org

ANTI-CORRUPTION

Anti-Corruption Principles and Framework

Conference of the State Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption:

UNODC, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in preventing and combating corruption

Commission on Crime prevention and Criminal Justice

UNCAC, United Nations Convention against Corruption: United Nations General Assembly resolution 58/4 of 31 October 2003: UNCAC is an international legal instrument against corruption, independent of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime: UNCAC entered into force on 14 December 2005

United Nations Global Compact

United Nation Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute UNICRI

United Nations: 6th session of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption > Third Session of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption, held in Doha 9-13 November 2009

Customs Cooperation Council/World Customs Organisation

Inter-American Convention against Corruption, adopted by the Organization of American States on 29 March 1996

Mechanism for the Review of Implementation 

UNODC & GLOBAL COMPACT: The Fight Against Corruption: an e-learning tool for the private sector on the UN Convention against Corruption and the UN Global Compact´s 10th principle against corruption

Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative StAR: is a partnership between the World Bank Group and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime-UNODC: StAR is the global fight against corruption: it cooperates with The Conference of States Parties to UNCAC, the G8, the G20, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD and the Financial Action Task Force.

World Bank: Anti-Corruption Strategy: 1997 >> Anti-Corruption Policies and Programs: A framework for Evaluation, 2000 > Reforming Public Institutions and Strengthening Governance: A World Bank Strategy, November 2000 > WB Governance and Development 1992 > Governance: The World Bank Experience, 1994 > World Development Report 1997: The State in a Changing World > Helping Countries Combat Corruption: The Role of the World Bank, 1997 > Strengthening World Bank Group Engagement on Governance and Anti-Corruption GAC, 2007 > Governance and Anti-Corruption GAC, 2007 > Global Partnerships on Governance and Anti-Corruption > World Bank: GAC: Governance and Anti-Corruption: Seven GAC Principles >> World Bank: GPF, Governance Partnership Facility: a multi-donor trust fund, it was created in 2008 as a partnership between World Bank and donors from UK, Australia, Norway and the Netherlands: facilitating the implementation of World Bank GAC Governance and Anti-Corruption strategy: World Bank, icha-International Corruption Hunters Alliance.

OECD: Council of Europa/Group of States against Corruption GRECO

Business Anti-Corruption Portal: is supported by the European Union, Sweden´s Ministry for foreign Affairs, Germany´s Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, the UK´s Department for Business, Innovation & Skills-IBIS, the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation-NORAD, the Danish International Development Agency DANIDA, the Austrian Development Cooperation ADC >> It is a referenced tool by the UN, the OECD, the World Bank, IFC and Transparency International.

Anti-Corruption Initiatives

United Nations: Anti-Corruption Day: 9 December

ANTICORRP Anticorruption Policies Revisited: Global Trends and European Responses to the Challenge of Corruption: the European Commission Seventh Framework Program funds ANTICORRP.

Anti-Corruption Research Network Transparency International

High-level Political Signing Conference

G20 Anti-Corruption Working Group-ACWG was established in June 2010 at the Toronto Summit: Business Task Force on Improving Transparency and Anti-Corruption

Basel Institute on Governance

U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre

Global Organization of Parliamentarians Against Corruption-GOPAC: international network dedicated to good governance and combating corruption throughout the world.

UNESCO-IIEP: International Institute for Educational Planning: launched in 20012 a capacity building programme on Ethics and Corruption in Education: transparency, anti-corruption, accountability.

International Anti-Corruption Academy-IACA

ICC International Chamber of Commerce: Corporate Responsibility and anti-corruption

IKNOW politics, International Knowledge Network

OECD: Bribery and Anti-Corruption

International Monetary Fund: Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes ROSC

TRACK against Corruption: this portal provides a legal library related to the United Nation Convention against Corruption-UNCAC.

WIN Water Integrity Network: fighting corruption in water worldwide

IFI International Financial Institutions Anti Corruption Task Force, established in 2006 by World Bank, Inter-American Development Bank Group, African Development Bank Group, Asian Development Bank, International Monetary Fund, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development >> IFI International Financial Institutions Anti Corruption Task Force: Uniform Framework for Preventing and Combating Fraud and Corruption.

Corruption Watch: Project, Corporate accountability for grand corruption and the Rule of Law in the UK: Corruption Watch is a London-based anti-corruption, NGO founded in 2009.

International Association of Anti-Corruption Authorities

IACC: International Anti-Corruption Conferences (the idea of Conference: Hong Kong´s Independent Commission Against Corruption, the Inspector General for the District of Columbia-Washington DC and the New York City Department of Investigation): global forum, State, Civil Society, the private sector: 1500 participants from 135 countries >>>> Lima Peru: The State and Civil Society in the Fight Against Corruption, September 1997 > Durban, South Africa, Global Integrity: 2000 and beyond – Developing Anti-Corruption Strategies in a Changing World, October 1999 > Prague-Czech Republic: Together Against Corruption, Assessing Impact, Reforming Corrupt Institutions, October 2001 > Seoul, Republic of Korea, Different Cultures, Common Values, May 2003 > > Guatemala City-Guatemala: Towards a Fairer World. Why is Corruption Still Blocking the Way, November 2006 > Athens, Greece: Global Transparency: Fighting corruption for a sustainable future, October 2008 > Bangkok, Thailand: Restoring Trust: Global Action for Transparency, November 2010 > Brasilia, Brazil: Mobilizing people: Connecting Agents of Change, November 2012 > Putrajaya-Malaysia: Ending Impunity: People, Integrity, Action: September 2015

Anti-Corruption Digital Resources (some links about Anti-Corruption) 

Business Anti-Corruption Portal: http://www.business-anti-corruption.com 

U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre: http://www.u4.no

Corruption Watch: http://www.cw-uk.org

ANTICORRP Anticorruption Policies Revisited

Anti-Corruption Research Network Transparency International

Business Anti-Corruption Portal

Global Organization of Parliamentarians Against Corruption-GOPAC

UNESCO-IIEP: International Institute for Educational Planning: launched in 20012 a capacity building programme on Ethics and Corruption in Education.

International Anti-Corruption Academy-IACA

ICC International Chamber of Commerce

TRACK against Corruption: http://www.track.unodc.org

UNODC & GLOBAL COMPACT: The Fight Against Corruption: http://www.thefightagainstcorruption.org

IKNOW politics, International Knowledge Network

OECD: Bribery and Anti-Corruption

United Nations: 6th session of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption: St. Petersburg 2-6 November 2015: http://unodc.org/unodc/en/treaties/CAC/CAC-COSP-session6.html

Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative StAR: is a partnership between the World Bank Group and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime-UNODC: http://www.star.worldbank.org

G20 Anti-Corruption Working Group-ACWG, was established in June 2010 at the Toronto Summit: Business Task Force on Improving Transparency and Anti-Corruption: G20 Declaration: Intensifying the Fight against Corruption, 2013: http://www.g20.org

WIN Water Integrity Network: fighting corruption in water worldwide

IFI International Financial Institutions Anti Corruption Task Force: Uniform Framework for Preventing and Combating Fraud and Corruption: http://www.afdb.org

IACC: International Anti-Corruption Conference: http://www.16iacc.org

ACCOUNTABILITY

Accountability Principles and Framework

Global Accountability Framework: was developed by the One World Trust under the Global Accountability Project: Global Accountability Framework, One World Trust: Global Accountability Report: Office of the Ombudsman for the United Nations Funds and Programmes: Accountability Frameworks in the United Nations System.

World Bank Group: PEFA: Public Expenditure and financial Accountability Program: The PEFA Framework.

Accountability Initiatives

Accountability: non-governmental organisation: created in 1995: Setting the Standard for Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainable Development > Stakeholder engagement, Responsible competitiveness, Collaborative governance and Standards.

GPSA: Global Partnership for Social Accountability: established in 2012 by World Bank: donor community, private sector, academia, civil society, Government: social accountability initiatives: strengthening transparency and accountability.

Global Integrity: Open and accountable Governance

World Bank Group: PEFA: Public Expenditure and financial Accountability Program: was founded in 2001 as a multi-donor partnership between seven door agencies and international financial institutions.

HIVOS: transparency and accountability & rights & CSR

Publish What You Pay: is a global coalition of civil society organisations: open and accountable extractive sector: non-profit organization.

Publish What You Fund: the Global Campaign for Aid Transparency: non-profit organisation.

SAI: Social Accountability International: SA8000 Standard

Transparency & Accountability Initiative: is co-chaired by the Open Society Foundation OSF and the Department for International Development DFID

ANSA, Affiliated Network for Social Accountability > The ANSA Global Partnership Fund Panel GPFP

IHRB, Institute for Human Rights and Business: Strengthening Accountability: (a think & do tank): on the relationship between business and human rights standards.

Accountability Digital Resources (some links about Accountability)

Accountability: http://www.accountability.org

Global Accountability Framework: was developed by the One World Trust under the Global Accountability Project: Global Accountability Framework, One World Trust: Global Accountability Report: Office of the Ombudsman for the United Nations Funds and Programmes: Accountability Frameworks in the United Nations System.

http://www.oneworldtrust.org > http://www.unjiu.org http://www.un.org/en/ombudsman/contact.shtml

HIVOS: transparency and accountability: http://www.hivos.org

IHRB, Institute for Human Rights and Business: Strengthening Accountability: http://www.ihrb.org

Business & Human Rights Resource Centre: http://www.business-humanrights.org

Publish What You Pay: is a global coalition of civil society organisations: open and accountable extractive sector: http://www.publishwhatyoupay.org

Publish What You Fund: the Global Campaign for Aid Transparency: http://www.publishwhatyoufund.org

Report of the International Conference on Financing for Development, Monterey, Mexico, 18-22 March 2002

Report of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, Johannesburg-South Africa, 26 August – 4 September 2002

SAI: Social Accountability International: SA8000 Standard: http://www.sa-inti.org

Global Integrity: Open and Accountable Governance: http://www.globalintegrity.org

World Bank Group: PEFA: Public Expenditure and financial Accountability Program: http://www.pefa.org

World Bank: GPSA: Global Partnership for Social Accountability: http://www.thegpsa.org

 

CSR CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY

CSR Principles and Framework

Global Compact: the Ten Principles of the UN Global Compact: are derived from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Labour Organization´s Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, and the United Nations Convention Against Corruption: Global compact is a voluntary initiative based on CEO commitment to implement universal sustainability principles and to take steps to support UN goals: UN Global Compact Principles, global standard on business responsibility to respect Human Rights, UNGP Reporting Framework: Global Compact, the world´s largest corporate sustainability initiative > Global Compact: The Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights: An Interpretative Guide:

UN PRI: Principles for Responsible Investment: environment, social and governance ESG issues: launched in 2006 by UNEP Finance Initiative and the UN Global Compact: provide a voluntary framework: 1200 investment institutions have become signatories with $45 trillion assets under management: UN PRI Sis Principles. http://www.unpri.org

PRME: Principles for Responsible Management Education: is a Global Compact sponsored initiative: business and society: academic institutions and corporate sustainability Six Principles for Responsible Management Education: 600 signatory institutions from 80 countries: http://www.unprme.org

SSE: Sustainable Stock Exchange: is a peer-to-peer: collaboration with investors, regulators and companies: transparency and performance: SSE is convened by the UN Conference on Trade and Development UNCTAD, the UN Global Compact, the UN Environment Programme´s Finance Initiative UNE-FI and the Principles for Responsible Investment PRI: 16 partners exchanges from around the world. http://www.sseinitiative.org

ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work: adopted in 1998: respect and promote principles and rights in four categories – Elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour, – Effective abolition of child labour, – Elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation, – Freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining >> ILO Tri-partite Declaration of principles Concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy.

OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises: were adopted in 1976, update in 2011 > OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, 2000

Responsible Business and Enterprises > Business in the Community BITC: The Prince´s Responsible Business Network: The BICT begins with an Anglo-American conference on corporate community involvement in 1980: in 1982 the BICT was formally established with the support of 30 initial companies and by the 1985 the year that the Prince of Wales become President the number had grow to 108 companies members: three phases: 1980, Corporate Community Involvement; 1990, Corporate Community Investment; and, 2000, the BICT embrace Corporate Responsibility or Responsible Business > Business in the Community is the Prince´s Responsible Business Network is one of the Prince´s Charities, a group of non-for-profit organisations of which the Prince of Wales is President > Business in the Community and its role in shaping CSR: Business-Led Corporate Responsibility coalitions: learning from the example of Business in the Community in the UK – An Insider´s Perspective – Business in the Community, Doughty Centre for Corporate Social Responsibility and the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard >>> BICT and the CSR360 Global Partners Network is convened by the BICT: CSR360 is the largest global partner of non-for-profit organisations championing Responsible Business, 120 independent organisations from 64 countries: BICT and CSR360 reach over 6000 companies around the world.

UN OHCHR: United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner: UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights for the Implementation of the UN “Protect, Respect and Remedy” Framework: The Human Rights Council endorsed the Guiding Principles in its resolution 17/4 of 16 June 2011 >> United Nations Human Rights: Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights: UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights: Framework

United Nations: Norms on the Responsibilities of Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises with Regard to Human Rights, UN, doc E/CN.4/Sub.2/2003/12/Rev.2 (2003)

UNFCCC: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: Partnership between the UNFCCC Secretariat and the Private Sector > PSI: Private Sector Initiative: Adaptation Private Sector Initiative.

WBCSD: World Business Council on Sustainable Development

CSR Initiatives 

ASEAN CSR Network: Asian Responsible Business Forum: best practices of responsible business / corporate social responsibility: ASEAN CSR Network > ASEAN Responsible Business Forum, a high-level regional platform for governments, the private sector and civil society.

Business Social Responsibility BSR: nonprofit organization, network of more than 250 member companies: BSR Conference.

ISO: International Organization for Standardization: ISO is an independent, non-governmental organization with a membership of 162 national standards bodies: ISO has published more than 20.500 International Standards: ISO Strategy 2016-2020 > ISO 26000- Social Responsibility: Guidance Standard on Social Responsibility 

GBI, Global Business Initiative on Human Rights: not-for-profit organisation led by 19 corporations, from different industries, headquartered in diverse countries, with global operations, GBI member companies have a combined work force of approximately 1.75 million employees, with millions of direct suppliers and business partners located in over 190 countries: GBI collaborates and engages with a range of institutions including the: Business and Human Rights Resource Centre; International Corporate Accountability Roundtable; International Organisation of employers; Institute for Human Rights and Business; LSE Investment & Human Rights Project; United Nations Global Compact Office; UN Working Group on Business and Human Rights; US Council for International Business.

GRI: Global Reporting Initiative: is an international independent organization: GRI´s Sustainable Reporting Standards: GRI was founded in Boston in 1997: GRI guidelines: GRI and GSSB-Global Sustainability Standards Board: the GSSB is an independent operating entity under the auspices of GRI: GRI partnerships with OECD, Global Compact, UNEP, ISO. 

CERES: Investor on climate risk, a project of CERES; BICEP: Business for Innovative Climate & Energy Policy, a project of CERES; the CERES Roadmap for sustainability: is anon-profit organization advocating for sustainability leadership: more than 130 institutional and socially responsible investors, environmental and social advocacy groups and other public interest organizations.

CRS wire: Corporate Social Responsibility and sustainability: is a digital media platform: CSRwire.com along with Jusmeans.com > Social Earth.org > 3blmedia, are all part of the 3BL Media family of companies and platforms, raising awareness for CSR and sustainability initiatives around the globe. 

CSR-UNICEF: Corporate Social Responsibility: advancing children´s rights in business

European Commission; New Strategy on Corporate Social Responsibility 2015-2020

European Commission CSR Strategy 2011-2014 for Corporate Social Responsibility:

CSR Europe: The European Business Network for Corporate Social Responsibility: 70 corporate members, 42 National CSR organisations, 10.000 companies: Enterprise 2020 Manifesto: The Future for Europe We Need.

CSR Norway: created in 1996 under the name Green Business Network Norway: is the leading Norwegian business network on Corporate Social Responsibility: EU Multi Stakeholder Forum on Corporate Social Responsibility: the network has a multi-stakeholder focus and encompasses Companies and federations, Governments, Universities and R&D, NGOs. The Network changed its name to CSR Norway in June 2010: new effort to mobilize Norwegian companies in a strong CSR movement.

Global Initiatives: B4E Business for the Environment, Responsible Business, Sustainable Business Award SBA >>> Business 4 Environment, Climate Summit (global business conference), B4E Summit is organized by Global Initiatives: B4E 2007, B4E 2008, B4E 2009, B4E 2010, B4E 2011, B4E CLIMATE SUMMIT 2011, B4E COP17 DIALOGUE, B4E Global Summit 2012, B4E @ Rio +20, B4E Global Summit 2013, B4E Climate Summit 2013, B4E Climate Summit 2015, B4E Global Summit 2016 >> SBA framework across ten categories: Strategy and Vision, Business Responsibility and Ethics, Workforce, Sustainability in Community, Supply Chain management, Stakeholder engagement & materiality, Energy management, Water management, Waste management & material productivity, Climate Change, Land use, Biodiversity and the Environment.

Business Call to Action BCtA: launched at the United Nations in 2008, the BCtA aims to accelerate progress towards the Millennium Development Goals MDG´s by challenging companies to develop inclusive business model: linkages with companies, donors and other key stakeholders: the BCtA, multilateral alliance between key donor governments including the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affaires, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency SIDA, UK Department for International Development, US Agency for International Development and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Finland and the United Nations Development Programme, which host the Secretariat-in collaboration with leading global institutions, such as the United Nations Global Compact, Inter-American Development Bank´s Opportunities for the Majority Initiative and the World Bank Group´s International Finance Corporation >> BCtA contribute to effective implementation of the UN SDGs United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 2030.

Unleashing Entrepreneurship: Making Business Work for the Poor, 2004: United Nations Commission on the Private Sector and Development at the request of UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan: Growing Inclusive Markets GIM

UNDP, Creating Value for All: Strategies for Doing Business with the Poor, First Global Report 2008: Growing Inclusive Markets GIM > business works for development, development works for business.

UN Global Compact & Bertelsmann Stiftung: The Role of Governments in Promoting Corporate Responsibility and Private Sector Engagement in Development, 2010.

CSR Digital Resources (some links about CSR)

ASEAN CSR Network: Asian Responsible Business Forum: best practices of responsible business/corporate social responsibility: http://www.asean-csr-network.org

Business Social Responsibility BSR: http://www.bsr.org

CRS wire: Corporate Social Responsibility and sustainability: is a digital media platform: http://www.csrwire.com

CSR Norway: Network for Corporate Social Responsibility: http://www.csrnorge.no

CSR Europe: The European Business Network for Corporate Social Responsibility: Enterprise 2020 Summit, the future of Europe, 16-17 November 2015, Brussels: http://www.csreurope.org > www.enterprise2020summit.org

CERES: is a non-profit organization advocating for sustainable World: corporate social responsibility: http://www.ceres.org

GRI: Global Reporting Initiative: http://www.globalreporting.org

GBI, Global Business Initiative on Human Rights: http://www.global-business-initiative.org

EU Multi Stakeholder Forum on Corporate Social Responsibility, 3-4 February 2015, Brussels-Belgium: European Commission: Growth, Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SME: http://www.ec.europa.eu/growth/industry/corporate-social-responsibility/

European Commission: Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Responsibility: A renewed EU strategy 2011-2014 for Corporate Social Responsibility > Brussels, 25-10.2011 COM (2011) 682 final >> European Commission; New Strategy on Corporate Social Responsibility 2015-2020: http://www. http://www.ec.europa.eu

Growing Business Inclusive Markets: http://www.growinginclusivebusinessmarkets.org

EUR-Lex Access to European Union Law: http://www.eur-lex.europa.eu

Global Initiatives: B4E Business for the Environment, Responsible Business, Sustainable Business Award SBA: http://www.globalinitiatives.com > http://www.http://www.b4esummit.co > http://www.responsiblebusiness.com > http://www.sustainablebusinessaward.com

Responsible Business and Enterprises > Business in the Community: http://www.princeofwales.gov.uk > http://www.bitc.org.uk

UN Global Compact & Bertelsmann Stiftung: The Role of Governments in Promoting Corporate Responsibility and Private Sector Engagement in Development, 2010: http://www.unglobalcompact.org > http://www.bertelsmann-stiftung.de

United Nations Global Compact: The Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights: An Interpretative Guide: http://www.unglobalcompact.org/docs/issues_doc/human_rights/Resources/CR_Respect_HR_Interpretive_Guide.pdf

UN OHCHR United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner, Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights for the Implementation of the UN Protect, Respect and Remedy Framework.

CSR-UNICEF: Corporate Social Responsibility: advancing children´s rights in business

http://www.unicef.org/csr/

ADVOCACY

Advocacy Initiatives

Civil Society & Government & Corporations >

Civil Society: Non-State Actors: NGOs think tank, Foundations, Philanthropy and other institutions > lobbying as advocacy, advocacy for rights, advocacy for global public goods, pro-poor advocacy, advocacy for UN MDG 2000-2015, advocacy for UN Sustainable Development Goals 2030, UN WSSD-World Summit on Sustainable Development/UN Earth Summit on Sustainable Development, COPs Conference of the Parties, UN Climate Change/UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, advocacy for Aid Effectiveness.

Multi-stakeholders initiatives: United Nations, Government, Corporate: advocacy nexus global agenda/global issues (United Nations framework, Summit, Conference, Protocol, Treaties, Accords, Agreements….) and corporate frames/private frames, voluntary, principles, norms, CSR…), global public-private advocacy, advocacy nexus sustainability/sustainable development, sustainable business for development, public advocacy, private/corporate advocacy, Corporate citizen advocacy, business/corporate/private advocacy, transnational advocacy networks.

Advocacy Digital Resources (some links about Advocacy)

ANARDE: Advocates for Natural Resources Governance and Development Good Governance Preserves Natural Resources: http://www.anarde.org

Business Advocacy Network: http://www.businessadvocacy.net > this website is an initiative of Irwin Grayson Associates: http://www.irwingrayson.com

Business Call to Action BCtA: GIM contributes to Human Development and the Millennium Development Goals MDG´s: GIM was conceived in 2006 following the 2004 Unleashing entrepreneurship: Making Business Work for the Poor, prepared by the Commission on the Private Sector and Development at the request of UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan.

CARE International: ADVOCACY: Tools and Resources: http://www.governance.care2share.wikispaces.net/advocacy

GIM, Growing Inclusive Markets: http://www.growinginclusivemarkets.org

GRSP: The Global Road Safety Partnership: advocacy for road safety policies and implementation: CARE International Governance Wiki: advocacy toolkit: http://www.grsproadsafety.org/advocacy

GIM, Growing Inclusive Markets: Business Works for Development & Development Works for Business: is a UNDP-led global multi-stakeholder research and advocacy initiative >> GIM is part of the UNDP Private Sector Division, which also host the

CGLU Afrique: GADDEPA: Governance, Advocacy & Decentralized Development Programme for Africa (concept paper for a long term strategic perspective UCLG Africa, 2007): http://wwwafriquelocale.org >>> UCLG Africa: United Cities and Local Governments of Africa:

Global Poverty Project: Advocacy: designing & hosting campaigns, convening partners, building the movement of global citizens to end extreme poverty, channeling the voice and actions of global citizens: http://www.globalpovertyproject.com/advocacy

Global citizen Advocacy: http://www.globalcitizen.org/campaigns/advocacy

IIED-International Institute for Environment and Development: PLA Notes 43, Advocacy and Citizen Participation: editors: Cindy Clark, Beth Harrison, Valerie Miller, Jethro, Lia VeneKlasen, 2002: http://www.//iied.org

NRGI: Natural Resource Governance Institute: Advocacy: NRGI promotes open accountable and informed governance at all stages of oil, gas and mineral development and revenue management: http://www.resourcegovernance.org

UN Foundation: UN Advocacy: http://www.unfoundation.org/what-we-do/campaigns-and-initiatives/un-advocacy

UNESCO Advocacy: UNESCO Goodwill Ambassadors

UNV United Nations Volunteers: Programme’s Advocacy Strategy: http://www.unv.org/en/about-us/strategy/advocacy-strategy.html

UNSGSA: United Nations Secretary-General´s Special Advocate for Inclusive Finance for Development: http://www.unsgsa.org

UN Water: United Nations Water/UN Water: World Water Day 2014 Advocacy Guide: http://www.unwater.org/fileadmin/user_upload/worldwaterday2014/documents/wwd2014

Water Aid Global: Policy, practice and advocacy: work with local partners and communities to improve access to water and sanitation and promote good hygiene > campaign and engage decision-makers to bring about a world where everyone everywhere has these essential by 2030: http://www.wateraid.org/policy-practice-and-advocacy

Transparency & anticorruption & accountability & corporate social responsibility & advocacy

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